Terraforming is the process of altering the planet's composition via the geography, the climate, and the atmosphere. Terraforming is an important process that is utilized by humans when it comes to colonizing new planets that may not hospitable to human life. Terraforming is also a costly and long process which requires a substantial amount of work. There are many aspects to look over like the poles, equator, and even the size of the planet that is being terraformed.
Type of Planets
Not every planet can be terraformed like gas giants since they lack a solid surface. Planets that lacks an atmosphere as well may not be the best choice in a successful terraformeing process. Planets like Venus which have a corrosive atmosphere, intense gravity, and a close position to the Sun will not be a good planet for human life to live on. Planets and other celestial bodies like Mars and Titan are great places for terraforming and for human life to prosper on.
Tools and Technology
The tools and technology that would be grateful towards the terraforming a planet are those that are good for altering the region of the planet. These tools vary in shape and size and may be important to ensuring the full process of the terraformed planet.
Soil is a common tool that is useful towards the process of growing vegetation on the surface of the world that is being terraformed. However, the process to get soil to terraform an entire planet as large as Mars and similar worlds like Titan is baffling. These soils are often produced and manufactured from the dirt and dust across many places in the Solar System like worlds that does not have an atmosphere like a an asteroid in the Asteroid belt. The dirt that is collected is often modified by exposing it substances like oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and other substances that are beneficial towards the creation of good soil.
Main Article: Water
Water is an important element towards terraforming a planet. There needs to be many metric tons of water available to help a planet become terraformed. Without an adequate amount of water available, only a certain area will become terraformed. Water is good towards influencing the climate and weather of a planet. The water is imperative towards improving the quality of the soil and the composition of the planet.
The process of terraforming an entire planet may take decades, centuries or even a millennia. When terraforming a planet, the planet has to undergo a lot of changes not just geographically but in climatically. It is a process where one would not expect any changes for days, months, and sometimes years where they are living.
With many scientific developments done by scientists across the Solar System, the process towards terraforming has expedited. The process of terraforming has become quite faster for smaller worlds and dwarf planets. This process would usually take a little over a decade to complete.